Prostatitis. Symptoms, causes and treatment
Prostatitis is infectious and inflammatory disease of the prostate gland, which appears complex set of symptoms and has a lot of outcomes.
Prostatitis is one of the most common urological diseases. According to various estimates, inflammation of the prostate is seen in 35-65% of men of different ages. And with age, the incidence is increasing.
Men under 30 years dominantly suffer from acute bacterial prostatitis that is often caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). But in the older age groups, almost 95% of patients are diagnosed chronic abacterial (stagnant) prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
In bacterial prostatitis organisms are carried into the prostate during sexual intercourse, as well as through the blood – from the hearth with infections of any other authorities. Most often, bacterial prostatitis is a consequence of an STD – sexually transmitted diseases through.
Fungi and viruses are considered to be very rare, unlikely agents of prostatitis.
Causes of chronic abacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome are not well understood. It should be noted that some of these patients may be isolated from prostate secretion bacterial pathogen. That is, at least in some cases – this is actually not true diagnosed bacterial prostatitis.
Treatment of prostatitis.
In bacterial prostatitis leading role in the treatment of antibiotics play. Antibiotic myriad options, their appointment shall be made only by the attending physician. Self-medication with antibiotics can lead to very tragic consequences.
In all forms of prostatitis anti-inflammatory and pain medications are used to relieve the symptoms (nimesulide, ibuprofen). Doctors also prescribe medications to help reduce the swelling of the prostate and to facilitate urination (tamsulosin, doxazosin, prazosin).